Fetal Exposure to Parental Smoking and the Risk of Type 2 Diabetes in Adult Women

Diabetes Care August 4, 2014 OBJECTIVE We evaluated the associations of both maternal and paternal smoking during pregnancy with the risk of type 2 diabetes in daughters and explored whether any association was explained by weight at birth or BMI throughout life. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS We used data from 34,453 participants of the Nurses’ Health Study II. […]

Cognitive Function and the Risk for Diabetes Among Young Men

Diabetes Care August 4, 2014 OBJECTIVE Diabetes is a risk factor for an accelerated rate of cognitive decline and dementia. However, the relationship between cognitive function and the subsequent development of diabetes is unclear. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS We conducted a historical-prospective cohort study merging data collected at premilitary recruitment assessment with information collected at the Staff Periodic […]

Geographic Clustering Of Diabetic Lower-Extremity Amputations In Low-Income Regions Of California

Health Aff August 2014 For patients suffering from diabetes and other chronic conditions, a large body of work demonstrates income-related disparities in access to coordinated preventive care. Much less is known about associations between poverty and consequential negative health outcomes. Few studies have assessed geographic patterns that link household incomes to major preventable complications of chronic […]

Age Differences in Visits to Office-based Physicians by Patients With Diabetes: United States, 2010

CDC: July 2014 Key findings Data from the National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey Office-based physician visits by patients with diabetes increased 20%, from 94.4 million in 2005 to 113.3 million in 2010, but the rate did not change between 2005 and 2010. The visit rate for diabetes increased with age and averaged 1,380 visits per 1,000 […]

Working Together to Manage Diabetes: A Toolkit for Pharmacy, Podiatry, Optometry, and Dentistry (PPOD)

CDC: 7/16/14 Guide for PPOD Providers Each section of the PPOD Guide provides a “quick course” on that health care specialty and its relation to diabetes. Because each section is written for professionals outside of that specialty, all team members who might care for a person with diabetes can collaborate and make cross-disciplinary treatment referrals. Inside […]

Effectiveness and Safety of Patient Activation Interventions for Adults with Type 2 Diabetes: Systematic Review, Meta-Analysis, and Meta-regression

Springer: Journal of General Internal Medicine – August 2014 BACKGROUND Patient activation interventions (PAIs) engage patients in care by promoting increased knowledge, confidence, and/or skills for disease self-management. However, little is known about the impact of these interventions on a wide range of outcomes for adults with type 2 diabetes (DM2), or which of these interventions, if any, […]

Effect of Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 on Salivary Glucose – A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Observational Studies

PLOS: July 15, 2014 Background Early screening of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) is essential for improved prognosis and effective delay of clinical complications. However, testing for high glycemia often requires invasive and painful blood testing, limiting its large-scale applicability. We have combined new, unpublished data with published data comparing salivary glucose levels in type 2 DM patients […]

Prevalence of Diabetes and Associated Obesity in Pennsylvania Adults, 1995–2010

CDC: 7/3/14 Abstract Introduction This study examined trends in the prevalence and sociodemographic distributions of diabetes and the associations of diabetes with obesity over time in adult Pennsylvanians from 1995 through 2010. Methods We used Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Survey data collected from 1995 through 2010. Diabetes prevalence was assessed by self-report of physician diagnosis. Obesity […]

Decade-Long Trends in Mortality Among Patients With and Without Diabetes Mellitus at a Major Academic Medical Center

JAMA: July 2014 The prevalence of diabetes mellitus has risen markedly over the past decade and is projected to increase substantially.1 More than 20% of hospitalized patients are estimated to have diabetes,2 and individuals with diabetes have historically experienced higher inpatient mortality than individuals without diabetes.3 Over the past decade, evidence from large clinical trials has prompted recommendations […]

Update on Health Literacy and Diabetes

The Diabetes Educator:  June 19, 2014 Abstract Purpose Inadequate literacy is common among patients with diabetes and may lead to adverse outcomes. The authors reviewed the relationship between literacy and health outcomes in patients with diabetes and potential interventions to improve outcomes. Methods We reviewed 79 articles covering 3 key domains: (1) evaluation of screening tools to identify […]

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